Heath education was found as a key to increase patients level of awareness of those factors triggering addiction and prohibiting alcohol quitting. Health belief model applied to alcohol use.
Health belief model hbm the health belief model hbm is a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals.
Health belief model examples alcohol. Health behavior and health education 1997. It is not about the past or future. To examine the effect of implementing a brief alcohol intervention using the heath belief model on the perception of susceptibility severity benefits and barriers.
In treatment int samples of male and female subjects were compared with male and female subjects in two not in treatment not problem drinker groups on variables hypothesized to affect health related behavior. It is behavior specific and is in the present. Self efficacy is the confidence that a person has in his or her ability to pursue a behavior.
Health belief model examples. Although labeled a model the hbm meets all the criteria for a behavioral theory. This is an element which wasnt added to the model until 1988.
It targets social and emotional health challenges including nutrition physical activity alcohol and drug use safety and personal health among other topics. It came to existence in the 1950s and was developed by psychological scientists named hochbaum rosenstock and kegels. The health belief model hbm was used to study alcoholism treatment utilization.
In my mind however the most interesting part of the health belief model is the concept of self efficacy. Self efficacy looks at a persons belief in hisher ability to make a health related change. The health belief model knowledge of std transmission o oral anal vaginal sex asymptomatic perception of susceptibility o chance of exposure to std and o chance of infection if exposed perception of severity o consequences and their likelihood o seriousness of consequences refer to glanz et al.
It was hypothesized that health beliefs of individuals convicted of dui and with a history of an alcohol related mvc would be different from individuals convicted of dui but with no such mvc history. Health belief model has been utilized in alcohol and drug education to some extent. It is a psychological model which invests its focus on attitudes and beliefs of individuals in an attempt to explain and predict the health behaviours of individuals and population.
The health belief model variables include seriousness susceptibility benefits barriers and health motivation. Need for more utilization in alcohol and drug education the health belief model hbm is one of the first theories developed exclusively for health related behaviors sharma romas 2012. The michigan model for health is a curriculum designed for implementation in schools.